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Columbus Day

Daylight Saving: Time for It to End?

Is it time for Daylight Saving Time to end? That's the feeling of many of DST's opponents who are pushing for state laws that seek to sunset the decades-long practice. Here are some considerations for those wondering about the end of Daylight Saving Time: Permanent DST? Or Ignore It? Although the majority of states currently observe DST, some of them are now pushing back. In Florida, two state legislators are proposing that the Sunshine State spring forward in March -- but never fall back. Representatives Mark Danish and Darren Soto want to permanently set Florida on Eastern Daylight Saving Time in order to save energy and boost the economy, reports Tampa Bay's WTSP-TV. This is the opposite position toward daylight saving of another sun-rich state, Arizona, which has chosen for decades to ignore DST so that residents can get some respite from the blazing desert sun. Missouri legislators are seeking to push the state permanently into DST as well -- as long as 19 other states will do the same. The Kansas City Star reports that HB340, approved by the Missouri House of Representatives in April 2013, will move Missouri permanently to Central Daylight Saving Time (CDT), as long as 20 states total agree to move their clocks forward. Many States, Territories Ignore DST Already As mentioned above, DST isn't a universal truth. Arizona, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, and the U.S. Virgin Islands do not observe DST -- likely because at latitudes near the equator, daylight amounts don't vary as much with the seasons. States which straddle time zones have the option under federal law to ignore DST, although it causes a very tricky time situation in places like Indiana. In places where separate cities within the same state observe time as a local phenomenon, commercial operations based on hourly deadlines would become very confusing. Any statewide changes to Daylight Saving Time not authorized by the Uniform Time Act may need to receive federal authorization from Congress, but no state has yet challenged this authority. Related Resources: END DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME (Petition2Congress) Daylight Saving Time: A Legal Timeline (FindLaw's Law and Daily Life) How Did Presidents Day Become a Holiday? (FindLaw's Law and Daily Life) Columbus Day History: How It Became a Holiday (FindLaw's Law and Daily Life)
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How Did Presidents Day Become a Holiday?

Celebrating Presidents Day as a holiday did not come about until around the last four decades, but its roots go back to our first president. How did we come to celebrate the third Monday in February as "Presidents Day"? The Celebration of Washington's Birthday Although Presidents Day is now recognized as honoring the birthdays of President George Washington and President Abraham Lincoln, the holiday started as just a celebration of Washington's birthday. Depending on which calendar system you ascribed to (Julian or Gregorian) in the time of the Founding Fathers, Washington's birthday fell either on February 11 or February 22, according to an article in Time. To celebrate his birth, early Americans celebrated on February 22 with large D.C. galas and of course ... drinking. However, the celebration wasn't written into federal law until 1880, making Washington the first person to be honored with a federal holiday. (Although he had been dead a good deal longer, the person (mis)credited with discovering our nation -- Christopher Columbus -- wouldn't get his own federal holiday until 1934.) The Debate Over 'Presidents Day' By the 20th century, ideas had begun to shift around the celebration of Washington's birthday. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act into law in 1968, shifting Veterans Day, Memorial Day, and Washington's Birthday to Mondays in order to lengthen weekends. According to The American Presidency Project, LBJ hoped this shift would allow Americans more time to travel and be with their families. This Act, now inscribed in law under Title 5 Section 6013 of the United States Code, didn't change the name of the holiday to "Presidents Day," and the federal government still recognizes the holiday only as "Washington's Birthday." The advent of "Presidents Day" was really pushed by business. According to Time, businesses in Texas and California used the power of marketing to promote "Presidents Day" as a way to promote sales during the month of February. Some states were already celebrating Lincoln's birthday on February 12, so stores took the opportunity to have "Presidents Day" anytime between the two presidents' birth celebrations. Through a combination of capitalism and overlapping state holidays, the holiday we commonly know as "Presidents Day" came into being. Related Resources: Presidents' Day (The History Channel) Presidents Day: Top 5 Presidential Lawsuits (FindLaw's Law and Daily Life) Do I Get Paid Overtime on Federal Holidays? (FindLaw's Law and Daily Life) How Did MLK Day Become a Federal Holiday? (FindLaw's Law and Daily Life)
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